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In September 1862, President Abraham Lincoln proposed emancipation as a war measure to coerce the surrender of the treasonous states, offering them the opportunity to maintain slavery if they ended hostilities against the Union, said Anthony Parent, a professor of history and American ethnic studies at WFU.
When the southern states refused, Lincoln granted emancipation to the enslaved people once the Union lines reached those states, Parent said.
“He (Lincoln) did not emancipate the enslaved people in the states loyal to the Union: Maryland, Missouri, Delaware or Kentucky,” Parent said. “Making the war one of liberation opened the door to